CODEX STANDARD FOR BUTTER
CODEX STAN 279-1971
This Standard applies to butter intended for direct consumption or for further
processing in conformity with the description in Section 2 of this Standard.
Butter is a fatty product derived exclusively from milk and/or products obtained from
milk, principally in the form of an emulsion of the type water-in-oil.
3. ESSENTIAL COMPOSITION AND QUALITY FACTORS
3.1 Raw materials
Milk and/or products obtained from milk.
3.2 Permitted ingredients
– Sodium chloride and food grade salt
– Starter cultures of harmless lactic acid and/or fl avour producing bacteria
– Potable water.
Minimum milkfat content 80% m/m
Maximum water content 16% m/m
Maximum milk solids-not-fat content 2% m/m
4. FOOD ADDITIVES
Food additives listed in Tables 1 and 2 of the General Standard for Food Additives
(CODEX STAN 192-1995) in Food Category 02.2.1 (Butter) may be used in foods subject
to this standard.
The products covered by this Standard shall comply with the Maximum Levels
for contaminants that are specifi ed for the product in the General Standard for
Contaminants and Toxins in Food and Feed (CODEX STAN 193-1995).
The milk used in the manufacture of the products covered by this Standard shall
comply with the Maximum Levels for contaminants and toxins specifi ed for milk by the
General Standard for Contaminants and Toxins in Food and Feed (CODEX STAN 193-
1995) and with the maximum residue limits for veterinary drug residues and pesticides
established for milk by the CAC.
Formerly CODEX STAN A-1-1971. Adopted in 1971. Revision 1999. Amendment 2003, 2006, 2010.
BUTTER (CODEX STAN 279-1971)
It is recommended that the products covered by the provisions of this standard be
prepared and handled in accordance with the appropriate sections of the General
Principles of Food Hygiene (CAC/RCP 1-1969), the Code of Hygienic Practice for
Milk and Milk Products (CAC/RCP 57-2004) and other relevant Codex texts such as
Codes of Hygienic Practice and Codes of Practice. The products should comply with
any microbiological criteria established in accordance with the Principles for the
Establishment and Application of Microbiological Criteria for Foods (CAC/GL 21-1997).
In addition to the provisions of the General Standard for the Labelling of Prepackaged
Foods (CODEX STAN 1-1985) and the General Standard for the Use of Dairy Terms
(CODEX STAN 206-1999), the following specifi c provisions apply:
7.1 Name of the food
The name of the food shall be “Butter”. The name “butter” with a suitable qualifi cation
shall be used for butter with more than 95% fat.
7.1.1 Butter may be labelled to indicate whether it is salted or unsalted according to national
7.2 Declaration of milkfat content
If the consumer would be misled by the omission, the milkfat content shall be declared
in a manner found acceptable in the country of sale to the fi nal consumer, either (i) as
a percentage by mass, or (ii) in grams per serving as quantifi ed in the label provided
that the number of servings is stated.
7.3 Labelling of non-retail containers
Information required in Section 7 of this Standard and Sections 4.1 to 4.8 of the
General Standard for the Labelling of Prepackaged Foods (CODEX STAN 1-1985),
and, if necessary, storage instructions, shall be given either on the container or in
accompanying documents, except that the name of the product, lot identifi cation, and
the name and address of the manufacturer or packer shall appear on the container.
However, lot identifi cation, and the name and address of the manufacturer or packer
may be replaced by an identifi cation mark, provided that such a mark is clearly
identifi able with the accompanying documents.
8. METHODS OF SAMPLING AND ANALYSIS
See CODEX STAN 234-1999.
MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS (2nd Edition)